Amazing Facts, History And Architecture of Buland Darwaza (Fatehpur Sikri)

Amazing Facts, History And Architecture of Buland Darwaza (Fatehpur Sikri)

Fatehpur Sikri is a very famous location to be at if you are interested in witnessing vintage India. One of the greatest structures you can see out there is the Buland Darwaza. This is a door or to be more precise a large size attractive door, decorated and engraved with some of the most beautiful artworks from ancient India.

The Buland Darwaza has a number of points which makes it amazing, and we are going to tell some of these to you.

Here are some of the most interesting facts about the Buland Darwaza

  • The Buland Darwaza is greatly connected with the success of Emperor Akbar. It is one of the tallest gateways seen in India. The height of the Buland Darwaza is 54 meters.
  • As mentioned, the Darwaza was made as a sign of what Emperor Akbar achieved. He made it back in 1601 AD.
  • Fatepur Sikri is actually a village which is located 43 Km from Agra. This gate symbolized Akbar victory and control over Gujarat.
  • Akbar was very much influenced, and he appreciated art forms from different regions of the world. He got inspired by Persian style also. The Great Buland Darwaza is hence a mixture of Hindu and Persian styles.
  • The entrance leads to Fatehpur Sikri Mahal, which also was a sign of his victory.
  • For a record, this gate holds a record of being the tallest and the most spacious door or entrance is seen in the entire world.
  • The Buland Darwaza is considered to be the best piece of a mixture of amazing art with a brilliant architecture. It took them more than 12 years to get this entrance completed.
  • The main material of the door is red and buffer sandstone which gives the monument a completely different look. It was decorated and completed by using black and white marbles.
  • Most of the people don’t know that you can even find a mosque in the Buland Darwaza.
  • The door was made especially with the red stone; hence they believe that his door was one of the main guard gates to the town of Fatehpur Sikri.
  • One of the biggest worship mosques in the world, the Great Jama Masjid is also located on the right of Buland Darwaza, and hence it is also considered an entrance to the Jama masjid.
  • There is a great inscription written on the Buland Darwaza. It gives a great learning lesson to the people passing by it.

History of the Buland Darwaza

The Buland Darwaza is also called “The door of Victory” and was built in 1602 AD by the great Emperor Akbar. He built this gateway just as a sign of his victory over the province of Gujrat. The humongous gate is the main entrance to the Jama masjid located just right to the entrance, and it serves as a gate to the city of Fatehpur Sikri which is just located 43 km away from the city of Agra. The Buland Darwaza id followed by 42 steps, directly leading to the entrance. All these steps have great height and width, showing the ancient patterns of architecture. The gate holds a title of being the highest located gateway to any monument or city in the entire world. It is always considered to be among the top 5 best artistic show work that Mughals gave to the world. The Buland Darwaza is made up of red sandstone. These sandstones were some of the most resistant and hardest building materials during the Mugal Empire. The construction of Buland Darwaza was done using these as to mark a significant strong door which can act as an entrance and also as a strong guard to the interiors.

The humongous and magnificent structure is also considered as one of the best artistic displays of Mughals. It has amazing hand carving, which is engraved deep in the red sandstone to give designs and a lot more to the gateway. Not only this but the constructors of Buland Darwaza also used black marbles to decorate the outer look of the entrance. Akbar was always considered as one of the most lenient kings when it comes to religions. He believed in religion’s tolerance and was very much open-minded to thoughts and people worshipping and following the religion they wanted. This thought of Akbar can be seen with the inscriptions carved on the Buland Darwaza’s central portion. The Buland Darwaza also has mosques in it. It has a traditional design when it comes to the outlines. The shape is as usually semi-octagonal which remained constant in most of the entrances the Mughals made. There were pillars on the top of the gateway.

The architecture of Buland Darwaza

The Buland Darwaza is more than 50 meters in height, and its architecture is one of the most attractive features to talk about and discuss. One can easily appreciate the hard work of the constructors and the brilliant minds that might have worked day and night to make the construction stand at the spot.

The gateway is first of all constructed by two main components, the first one being red and buff sandstone, and the other being black and white marble. The first materials were used to give the basic architecture or structure to the basic entrance. It made the gate string and hard so that it also could be used with the idea of protection. The Buland Darwaza is entirely symmetrical, which again shows how accurate the design was. In addition, it is topped by free-standing and large kiosks. The Buland Darwaza also has a terrace extension, stylized buckler-battlements and small minar-spires. The gate also served as a main entrance to the city. The basic outlooks and plans made it semi-octagonal with two small triple stored wings on both sides. You can also find small turrets surrounding the gate. The main gate or the entrance to the pathway itself is very much plain. You can see the red stone being used in different ways to create patterns and carving for the gate.

How to reach Buland darwaza ?

There are number of ways to reach this monument. As mentioned the buland darwaza is located just 43 km from Agra. Most of the people like to travel by road from Agra to Fatehpur Sikri.

If you are looking for air travel options, the nearest one is Agra Airport. The next part of this journey has to be done by road.

However if you travel by train you can land directly on the station of Fatehpur Sikri, Uttar Pradesh. The Buland darwaza is less than a kilometre from this spot.


The Buland Darwaza is one of the most famous tourist spots in Uttar Pradesh, India. People like to see how amazing and beautiful Mughals were. This gateway is a pure example of the royal outlook of the Mugal Empire.

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